Survival Manual
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How to Make A Pack In A Survival Situation

There are more tools needed in a survival situation other than just weapons. To make this equipment you might have to first know how to make the individual parts that can be used to make a whole host of useful survival equipment.

Lashing Material
The best natural material for lashing small objects is sinew. Sinew is made from the tendons of large animals such as deer. First step is to remove the tendons from the game and dry them completely. After the tendons have been allowed to dry you take a rock or other like object and smash the dried tendons so that they separate into smaller fibers. Now wet the the fibers and twist them into a continuous strand.

To make progressively stronger lashing material you can braid the sinew together. The moistened sinew is sticky at first but then hardens once it drys.

You can shred and braid plant fibers from the inner bark of some trees to make a cord. You can use the linden, elm, hickory, white oak, mulberry, chestnut. Be sure to test the cords strength before use and once again you can braid it to make stronger cord.

Rawhide is another great material for lashings. You make rawhide from the skins of furred animals. After you have skinned the animal, scrape any excess fat and meat from the hide. Then dry the skin completely. You do not need to stretch it but you do not want there to be any folds when drying. Drying will progress evenly only if the skin laid or hung flat. Folds hold moisture.

You do not have to remove the hair from the skin if you don't want to. Cut the skin while it is dry. To make the rawhide lashing as long as possible do not simply cut strips from the hide. Start at the center of the hide and cut in a circular pattern. Making your single cut further and further away from the center. You know a spiral cut. Soak the rawhide for 2 to 4 hours or until it is soft. Do this just before using it. Stretch it during its use. It will dry strong and durable.

PACK CONSTRUCTION
The materials for constructing a pack are numerous. You can use bamboo, wood, clothing, rope, plant fiber, animal skins, canvas, plastics and many other materials to make a pack. There are several construction techniques for packs but we will concentrate on only a few.

Horseshoe Pack
Lay roughly square-shaped material, such as poncho, blanket, or canvas, flat on the ground. Lay items on one edge of the material not in the center. Roll up the material and then tie both end so that nothing can slide out. Very comfortable to carry if you make a strap and super easy to make.

Square Pack
If you have plenty of rope or string you can make a square pack. It doesn't need to be square just squarish. Any rectangle will do. This pack is pretty easy to construct. First step is to make a cube shaped frame. Size is up to you. Depends on what you need it for. Then run strings from top to bottom and across bottom. That is it!

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